About Vanuatu

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Vanuatu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vanuatu (English Listeni/ˌvɑːnˈɑːt/ vah-noo-ah-too or /vænˈwɑːt/ van-wah-tooBislama IPA: [vanuaˈtu]), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (FrenchRépublique de VanuatuBislamaRipablik blong Vanuatu), is an island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is some 1,750 kilometres (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia, 500 kilometres (310 mi) northeast of New Caledonia, west of Fiji, and southeast of the Solomon Islands, near New Guinea.

Vanuatu was first inhabited by Melanesian people. The first Europeans to visit the islands were the members of a Spanish expedition led by Portuguese navigator Fernandes de Queirós, who arrived in Espiritu Santo in 1605; he claimed the archipelago forSpain and named it Espiritu Santo or Holy Spirit. In the 1880s France and the United Kingdom claimed parts of the country, and in 1906 they agreed on a framework for jointly managing the archipelago as the New Hebrides through a British–French Condominium. An independence movement arose in the 1970s, and the Republic of Vanuatu was founded in 1980.

The nation’s name was derived from the word vanua (“land” or “home”),[7] which occurs in several Austronesian languages,[8] and the word tu (“stand”).[9] Together the two words indicated the independent status of the new nation.[9]

Republic of Vanuatu

Ripablik blong Vanuatu  (Bislama)
République de Vanuatu  (French)

Flag Coat of arms
Motto: “Long God yumi stanap” (Bislama)
“In God we stand”
[1][2][3]
Anthem: Yumi, Yumi, Yumi  (Bislama)
We, We, We
Capital
(and largest city)
Port Vila
17°45′S 168°18′E
Official languages Bislama
English
French
Ethnic groups(1999) 98.5% Ni-Vanuatu
1.5% other
Demonym Ni-Vanuatu
Vanuatuan
Government Unitary parliamentary republic
 – President Iolu Abil
 – Prime Minister Sato Kilman
Legislature Parliament
Independence
 – from France and theUnited Kingdom 30 July 1980
Area
 – Total 12,190 km2 (161st)
4,710 sq mi
Population
 – July 2011[5] estimate 224,564
 – 2009 census 243,304[4]
 – Density 19.7/km2 (188th)
51/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2011 estimate
 – Total $1.204 billion[6]
 – Per capita $4,916[6]
GDP (nominal) 2011 estimate
 – Total $743 million[6]
 – Per capita $3,036[6]
HDI (2004) Increase 0.693 (medium) (126th)
Currency Vanuatu vatu (VUV)
Time zone VUT (Vanuatu Time)(UTC+11)
Drives on the right
ISO 3166 code VU
Internet TLD .vu
Calling code 678

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